If even the thought of wrinkles gives you frown lines, fear not, you’ve found the Hunar Clinic. Our enormous range of anti-wrinkle treatments and industry-leading techniques help banish the signs of worry every single day. So relax that face and keep on reading…

What causes wrinkles?

Wrinkles are a fact of life. They are found on healthy skin of all ages, where the loss of firmness and elasticity over time is revealed through furrows, crinkles, or creases. 

Even newborn babies have wrinkles in parts of their joints from flexion and contraction in the womb; we can’t escape them. 

The reasons behind why wrinkles appear are numerous, and key to reducing their impact and lessening the visible signs of ageing is to understand the many factors that influence the appearance of our skin.

Some wrinkles are the direct result of lifestyle choices; drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes are the two obvious causes, but unhealthy diets, sunbathing, and even the way we clean ourselves also have a major impact. 

Other causes are out of our control, and down to genetics, but even in this case we can still take steps to reduce the threats to our skin.

Generally, these two processes are categorized as intrinsic and extrinsic, although they are not hard and fast rules.

Intrinsic ageing 

Intrinsic ageing is also called ‘chronological aging’ and is the natural process of change that occurs over the span of your lifetime regardless of other external factors. Our bodies tend to mature along a similar timeline, although genetics ensure the impact varies from person to person. 

After age 20, our bodies produce 1 percent less collagen each year. Collagen and elastin fibers become thicker and looser, and the skin becomes less elastic and more brittle. This is the result of the skin stretching back and forth, producing visible wrinkles. The exfoliation process also slows when we are in our 20s, causing dead skin cells to accumulate and stick together for longer.

As we age through our 30s, the transfer of moisture between the dermis and epidermis slows and fat cells start to shrink, making the skin appear dull. The skin produces less sebum (oil) as the body ages, causing the texture of the skin to dry and for wrinkles to become more visible. Even though the area around your eyes has few sebaceous glands, this is where Crows’ Feet appear. 

At age 40, collagen production stops, and wrinkles appear when fibres break and stiffen. Skin cell turnover slows, making it tougher for the cells to regenerate. 

At 50, we begin to lose fat stored in the subcutaneous tissue, which thins the skin. In women, the loss of estrogen following menopause also exacerbates this thinness and makes the skin more vulnerable to damage.

Our complexion is also dealing with a decline in blood vessels and decrease in circulation.

All of these intrinsic factors can cause and contribute to wrinkles, sagging, and pigmentation issues. Most wrinkling is due to the effects of extrinsic aging.

Extrinsic ageing

If you have woken after a heavy night and found a wrinkle you swear wasn’t there 24 hours ago, this is most likely due to extrinsic aging. Environmental influences that lead to wrinkles are responsible for creating the most dramatic signs of age. 

Here are a few of the most triggers of extrinsic aging:


First, stop smoking. It’s terrible for your health, and it causes wrinkles. Not to mention, each time you take a drag, you’re pulling on what’s called the Purse String muscles. This repeated motion has the same effect as expression lines, causing premature wrinkles. Nicotine causes a narrowing of blood cells within the outermost layer of our skin. As blood flow decreases, the skin becomes deprived of oxygen and vital nutrients, such as vitamin A. This makes skin sag and wrinkle prematurely.

Sun exposure

The sun is by far the single most significant cause of wrinkles. UV radiation in sunlight directly damages the framework of collagen and elastin that gives the skin strength and elasticity. Enzymes are generated to patch up the damage, but it’s not a perfect fix, with collagen fibers knitting an uneven pattern of solar scars that eventually lead to wrinkling. The process also results in the creation of free radicals that cause further damage.

Any exposure to sunlight, including UV tanning beds, that results in a darkening or reddening of the skin constitutes damage. 

Long-term, sunscreen-free exposure to UV radiation can cause serious problems. None of this means you have to avoid the sun completely; think of all that lovely vitamin D, but as the song goes, wear sunscreen, and limit the time you spend in the sun when not covered up to just a few minutes.


Free radicals are damaging, electron-hungry molecules that pull electrons from other molecules in our body. This action changes chemical structures and biological functioning, and accelerates the aging process. Our skin shows this as wrinkles. Environmental is a major source of free radical exposure, and although antioxidant enzymes can help protect against free radicals, the damage occurs anyway.

Repeated facial expressions and sleeping positions

Even rubbing sleepy eyes in the morning and sleeping on the same side each night can cause creases on the sides of your nose to form over time. Be careful when you wake up!

Smiling causes creases to form at the corners of your mouth, and such repeated facial expressions can eventually form wrinkles, known as expression lines. We should be proud to smile so much, but other expression lines on our faces are not welcome. 

Don’t panic!

The myriad reasons behind the causes of wrinkling can sound daunting, but do not worry, the Hunar Clinic has your back (and front, face, hands, neck, everywhere). Patient care and wellness are our top priorities, and we believe understanding the causes of wrinkles is the first step towards preventing them.

Our professional team of trained and highly experienced experts will guide you through our extensive range of anti-wrinkle treatments to ensure you select the right one for your skin; as we are all different, each individual procedure fulfils a unique need.

Contact the Hunar Clinic today and book a consultation to learn more about our industry-leading techniques and advanced beauty procedures.


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